Government of India and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has signed an agreement for implementing the Disaster Risk Management Programme (DRM) in 125 selected disaster of 12 States in two phases. The programme aims to reduce the vulnerability of the communities in case of Natural Disaster in the selected district and will eventually contribute towards the social and economic development goals of the national and state governments. The vital output of this project will be sustainable recovery plans at village , gram panchayat , block and district with community participation in the selected district of the 12 states.
The unique geo-climate conditions of Bihar make the state vulnerable to various natural hazards. The DRM programme will be operationalised in 14 selected district of the State. Government of Bihar has indentified the Relief and Rehabilitation Department as the Nodal agency for implementing the Disaster Risk Management Programme in the State. During the first phase , the programme is being implmented in the five district of the state, Muzaffarpur , Sitamarhi , Madhubani , khagaria , and Supaul .
3. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR DISTRICT MUZAFFARPUR
· Muzaffarpur is in Earthquake zone-IV as compared to Ahmedabad district of Gujrat .
· Four blocks – Aurai , Katra , Gaighat , and Minapur fully affected by flood every year while other twelve are partially.
· Earthquake in 1934 and 1998 .
· Cold wave – 2002
· Village fire damaged property L.S. 1 crore every year heatwave every year .
· Road and other accident every year .
( I ) WORK SHOP ON THE ROLE OF PRIS AND NGO’S IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Relief and Rehabilitation Department in collaboration with the Muzaffarpur district administration supported by UNDP , organized a one day work shop on the “ Role of PRIS’ NGO’s and district officials in Disaster Management “ at DM’s conference Hall on September 21 st , 2002 . The workshop was organized with an objective to sensitize the representative of Panchayati Raj institution and non-governmental organizations to appreciate the different facts of Disaster Management and the role they can play in the same . It was attended by about 77 participants comprising of both representative from the PRIs and the NGO’s from the 11 districts of Tirhut , Darbhanga and Saran divisions. The divisional Commissioner , Tirhut ( Muzaffarpur) Sri Jairam Lal Meena chaired the workshop while District Magistrate , Muzaffarpur Sri Amrit Lal Meena welcomed participants . Relief & Rehabilitation Commissioner Sri Naveen Verma ARR , UNDP Sri Saroj Kumar Jha , Dr. Nil Ratan from Anugrah Sinha Institute of School studies Patna and DDC-cum-CEO Zila Parishad , Muzaffarpur Miss. Safina A.N. discussed to participants about several aspects related to Disaster Management in the State. Sri Anil Kumar Sinha , Head National Center for Disaster Management was chief guest of the above workshop.
Ø Government should take up structural initiatives and policy decisions to prevent flood .
Ø Preparedness effects at Panchayat level in the form of PRA and trainings.
Ø Co-ordination meeting should be held at all level .
Ø Information sharing and its dissemination .
Ø Awareness workshop and sensitization efforts.
Ø Training of trainers and mapping of appropriate institutions and resource persons.
Ø Formation of a calamity Relief fund atPanchayat level .
Ø Flood shelter should be constructed in the panchayats, which usually get flooded .
Ø Insurance schemes for the vulnerable groups.
Ø Active participation of PRIs at all levels and in all efforts.
Ø Reviving local traditions of flood management and living copingly with flood.
Ø Revival of flood resistant crops and research for appropriate technology.
Ø Formation of panchayat level contigency plan and its rehearsal.
Ø According “special area” status to the flood affected areas , so as to have extra allocation of funds under various rural development pragramme to take care of the losses to the infrastructure.
Ø Some stratergy to be evolved to compensate the farmer for the losses to Kharif crops.
5. DEPUTATION OF DISTRICT PROJECT OFFICER (CDRM)
(i) UNV JEEVAN KUMAR of UNDP deputed District Project Officer at Muzaffarpur on 20-02-2003 by
relief and Rehabilitation Deptt. to facilitate the District Administration for Disaster Risk Management
(ii) PROVISION OF EQUIPMENT FOR DISTRICT CONTROL ROOM.
One computer and one color printer one inverter provided to District Administration for well
functioning of District control room with other accessories.
(iii) DEPUTATION OF D.E.O.
MD. REHAN AHMAD SHAMSI deputed as a data entry operator for District Control Room to
upload all data related to the District.
(iv) FORMATION & ORIENTATION OF DISTRICT DISASTER MANAGEMENT COMMITTE
District Disaster Management Committee was formed in the chairman ship of the District Magistrate
Sri Amrit Lal Meena comprising 60 members from live deptt. , PRIs and NGOs on 4th March 2003.
Additional Collectore-cum-Nodal Officer , Sri Hemchandra Jha appointed secretary of the DDMC.
Issued discussed were as follows.
Ø Briefing of the Disaster Risk Management Programme by the D.M.
Ø Implementation of the programme at Block , Panchayat and ward level.
Ø Preparation of check list by each department.
Ø The historical damage points should be identified and measured to protect and maintain them to be taken .
Ø Relief centres to be identified.
Ø Distribution centers and storage points to be identified .
Ø On going training to be reassessed and if disaster management orientation could be provided to the trainers.
Ø Awarness generation to be under taken at all level.
Ø Training program on Relief code to be organized , as many do not know the same when all should know the provisions.
The committee agreed up on the following issues for implementation of the program.
Ø Approval of the work plan .
Ø Training of 10 master trainer at state level.
Ø Training of 5 master trainer from each block at district level.
Ø Formation of BDMC in each block within the month.
Ø Formation of PDMC in each Panchayat.
Ø Formation of WDMC & DMT in each ward of the district.
State documentation officer (UNDP) , Smt. Sunita Prasad also participated in the first meeting of DDMC.